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Tugas ( Simple past tense )

How do we make the Simple Past Tense?

To make the simple past tense, we use:

  • predicate in the past form is only “( Verb-2 / verb – ed )”
    or
  • In negative and question sentence we use auxiliary ” did”

Here you can see examples of the past form and base form for irregular verbs and regular verbs:

  V1
base
V2
past
V3
past participle
 
regular verb work
explode
like
worked
exploded
liked
worked
exploded
liked
The past form for all regular verbs ends in -ed.
irregular verb go
see
sing
went
saw
sang
gone
seen
sung
The past form for irregular verbs is variable. You need to learn it by heart.
You do not need the past participle form to make the simple past tense. It is shown here for completeness only.  

The structure for positive sentences in the simple past tense is:

Subject + Verb-2 + object / adverb   

The structure for negative sentences in the simple past tense is:

subject + did + not + Verb-1  + object / adverb
   

The structure for question sentences in the simple past tense is:

  1. 1.      Interogative sentence

 

Did + subject + Verb-1 + object / adverb

 

  1. 2.      WH question

 

  1. a.      Who + Verb-2 + object / adverb + ?
  2. b.      What + did + subject + verb-1 + adverb + ?
  3. c.       Where + did + subject + verb-1 + object + ?
  4. d.       When + did + subject + verb-1 + object +  ?
  5. e.       How + did + subject + verb-1 + object +  ?

 

Look at these examples with the main verbs go and work:

  Subject auxiliary verb   main verb  

+

I     went to school.
You     worked very hard.

She did not go with me.
We did not work yesterday.

?

Did you   go to London?
Did they   work at home?

Exception! The verb to be is different. We conjugate the verb to be (I was, you were, he/she/it was, we were, they were); and we do not use an auxiliary for negative and question sentences. To make a question, we exchange the subject and verb. Look at these examples:

  Subject main verb    

+

I, he/she/it was   here.
You, we, they were   in London.

I, he/she/it was not there.
You, we, they were not happy.

?

Was I, he/she/it   right?
Were you, we, they   late?

 

Change the verbs in the following sentence into past tense.

  1. 1.      Yesterday, I go to the restaurant with a client.

Yesterday, I went to the restaurant with a client.

2. We drive around the parking lot for 20 minutes in order to find a parking space.

3. When we arrive at the restaurant, the place is full.

4. The waitress asks us if we have reservations.

5. I say, “No, my secretary forgets to make them.”

6. The waitress tells us to come back in two hours.

7. My client and I slowly walk back to the car.

8. Then we see a small grocery store.

9. We stop in the grocery store and buy some sandwiches.

10. That is better than waiting for two hours.

Correct the mistakes in the following sentences:

1. Last night, Samantha have pizza for supper.

2. My pet lizard  die last month.

3. Yesterday I spend two hours cleaning my living room.

4. This morning before coming to class, Jack eats two bowls of cereal.

5. What  happen to your leg?

 

ANswer :

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

 

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

 

 

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